Uterine Fibroid Embolization
A minimally invasive procedure to treat uterine fibroids (benign tumors).
Available at the hospital
Maisonneuve et Bélanger
About the intervention
The procedure consist in treating the uterine fibroid by decreasing the blood supply. By passing through the uterine artery that vascularizes them, a contrast agent and microparticles are injected to obstruct the vessel and reduce the size of the fibroids. This is a less invasive treatment option than myomectomy and hysterectomy. This procedure reduces the uncomfortable symptoms of fibroids, such as:
- Heavy or irregular menstrual periods.
- The frequent urge to urinate.
- An increase in the size of the lower abdomen, heaviness and pressure in the pelvis.
The intervention is approximately 75 minutes long. An interventional radiologist will meet with you to answer all your questions prior to the intervention.
Preparation for uterine fibroid embolization
It is required to previously carry out a coagulation and renal function assessment, as well as an echography or magnetic resonance imaging of the uterus. Fasting will be required on the day of the examination and a urinary catheter could be put in place as needed.
- If you are pregnant, this procedure is contraindicated.
Our team will accompany you and install you on the exam table.
Local anesthesia will be performed and the radiologist will make a millimeter incision in your groin to access the femoral artery.
The radiologist will introduce a small tube (catheter) into the artery up to the uterine arteries.
Microparticles (particles the size of a grain of sand) and a contrast agent will be released into the uterine vessels.
Following the procedure, you will be redirected to a room where you will spend the night.
What you may experience
The procedure is not painful because it is done with the help of an anesthesiologist who sometimes installs a pump that allows you to control the analgesia yourself.
After the intervention
In the hours that follow, you may feel pain and cramps. Low fever and nausea are also possible. These symptoms are well controlled by the medication. You should be able to resume your usual activities after a week.